Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the eye and visual system.

Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialise in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of eye disorders and vision problems. They are trained to provide a wide range of medical and surgical eye care services.

Key aspects

  • Eye examinations - Ophthalmologists perform comprehensive eye examinations to assess the health of the eyes and detect any abnormalities or vision problems.
  • Prescription of glasses and contact lenses - Ophthalmologists can prescribe corrective lenses, such as eyeglasses or contact lenses, to address refractive errors like myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism.
  • Medical treatment - Ophthalmologists diagnose and treat a variety of eye conditions and diseases, including infections, inflammations, and degenerative disorders.
  • Surgical procedures - Ophthalmologists are skilled in performing various surgical procedures to address eye conditions, such as cataract surgery, corneal transplants, glaucoma surgery, and retinal surgery. Laser surgery is also within the scope of ophthalmology.
  • Management of eye injuries - Ophthalmologists are trained to manage eye injuries, including trauma to the eye or surrounding structures. Prompt and appropriate care is crucial to preserve vision and prevent complications.
  • Treatment of chronic eye conditions - Ophthalmologists manage chronic eye conditions such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and other conditions that can affect vision over time.
  • Paediatric Ophthalmology: Some ophthalmologists specialise in paediatric eye care, addressing vision issues and eye conditions in children.
  • Research and advancements - Ophthalmologists contribute to ongoing research and advancements in the field, exploring new treatments, surgical techniques, and technologies to improve the diagnosis and management of eye disorders.

Training in Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology specialties are not currently advertised on this site, but they are also recruiting. You will find their details below.


Page last reviewed: 22 May 2024
Next review due: 22 May 2025